timberland blue boots Hockey Canada cuts six players from world junior selection camp roster

womens timberlands boots Hockey Canada cuts six players from world junior selection camp roster

ST. CATHARINES, Ont. The desire Canada’s junior hockey players have to represent their country at the world championships was all over Kole Lind’s face minutes after he learned he’d been cut from the team.

Lind fought back tears as he spoke with media on Thursday evening in the lobby of the team’s hotel. He was one of six players Hockey Canada cut from its world junior championship selection camp roster, reducing the team from 33 to 27.

“It’s obviously heartbreaking for me,” said Lind, a second round pick of the Vancouver Canucks in last summer’s NHL draft. “It’s something that’s out of my control. I think I did what I could. I played pretty well.

“I think there are some things I can take away from this both good and bad.”

Lind, Cody Glass and Jonathan Ang were the forwards sent back to their junior teams, as were defencemen Dennis Cholowski and Logan Stanley and goalie Samuel Harvey.

“I’m dealing with it well,” said Harvey, whose impressive play for the Rouyn Noranda Huskies this season earned him an invitation to the selection camp. “It was a tough decision, the coaches told me. I did well, I think,
timberland blue boots Hockey Canada cuts six players from world junior selection camp roster
and it was a good experience and I want to thank Hockey Canada for that.”

Harvey, who went undrafted in the 2017 NHL draft, had not been invited to Hockey Canada’s Summer Showcase development camp. But his 2.33 goals against average and .924 save percentage in 25 Quebec Major Junior Hockey League games caught the attention of team lead Joel Bouchard.

Canada plays Denmark on Friday afternoon in an exhibition and will announce its final round of cuts later that day.

Hockey Canada has to cut its roster down to 22 players ahead of the world junior championship that begins on Dec. The final roster will have 13 forwards, seven defencemen and two goalies.

“We need guys that can adapt,” said head coach Dominique Ducharme. “Adapting is sometimes being able to take messages from coaching staff, adjusting to a new team, new teammates. It’s all about adapting and adjusting.”

Seven players are returning from last year’s silver medal winning team.

Goaltender Carter Hart (Everett), defencemen Jake Bean (Calgary), Kale Clague (Brandon) and Dante Fabbro (Boston University) and forwards Dillon Dube (Kelowna), Michael McLeod (Mississauga) and Taylor Raddysh (Erie) are all back and virtual locks to make the team.

Defenceman Victor Mete, who was loaned to Hockey Canada for the world juniors by the Montreal Canadiens on Monday,
timberland blue boots Hockey Canada cuts six players from world junior selection camp roster
is also expected to be on the final roster.

timberland outlet store Hockaday passes Mark Teixeira’s home run record

mens timberland boots sale Hockaday passes Mark Teixeira’s home run record

Hockaday passed current New York Yankees slugger Mark Teixeira as the greatest power hitter in Maryland Interscholastic Athletic Association history Friday when he belted his 30th career home run as John Carroll (Bel Air, Md.) blanked Archbishop Curley (Baltimore), 9 0.

Teixeira had 29 home runs during his outstanding career at Mount St. Joseph (Baltimore).

“It feels amazing just to be mentioned in the same sentence as Mark Teixeira,” Hockaday told MaxPreps. “He’s a role model to so many kids in this area. I watch him play a lot. Hopefully, some day I will be able to fill his shoes.”

The frustrating part came earlier in the spring when he hit his 25th and 26th home runs in a game. He had entered the year with the (incorrect) knowledge that the record was 25. Coach Joe Stetka sent someone out to secure the “record” ball.

“I was pretty pumped and we all were going crazy,” Hockaday recalled. “Later that night a kid found out and came to my house. He said, ‘Dude, you didn’t break it.’ That was one of the worst feelings.”

When Hockaday normally a line drive hitter finally did break the record on Friday, he made sure by hammering a towering drive that cleared the left centerfield fence by an estimated 60 feet, landing about 420 feet from home plate.

“I hit it on the fat part of the bat and put a good swing on it,” he said proudly.

The John Carroll slugger says that most people don’t believe it, but he has been playing baseball since his father signed him up at age 3. He learned a valuable lesson as a 10 year old playing for the Baltimore Buzz when he belted his first home run over the fence.

“I jumped over home plate (failing to touch it),” he said, thus being forced to settle for an official triple. “I’m sure superstitious (since then) about touching home plate.”

Stetka, who also scouts for the Baltimore Orioles, had watched Hockaday grow up, always kidding him that they would make a great combination. Two years ago his dream came true when he took the head job at John Carroll.

“He’s one of the greatest kids I’ve ever coached,” he pointed out. “He’s a team leader. Kids sort of rally around him. He’s always got his game face on and is a great competitor. He’s very humble and knows he has to work hard. Nothing rattles the kid. He comes to win and gets better every day. He makes the game fun for me.”

Through 20 games, Hockaday is hitting a robust .639. He has 10 home runs, eight doubles, three triples, 35 runs and has driven in 28 runs. He also has walked 24 times and been hit seven times as pitchers continually jam him to keep him off the plate.

At 6 foot 3 and 215 pounds, he has surprising speed (6.7 seconds for 60 yards) and has stolen 13 bases in 13 attempts. He also has pitched 10 2/3 innings,
timberland outlet store Hockaday passes Mark Teixeira's home run record
compiling a 2 0 record with 15 strikeouts, two walks, five hits allowed and a 1.97 ERA.

The overall state home run record still stands at 35 by Jason Maxey of Hammond (Columbia, Md.), but Stetka is quick to point out the strength of the MIAA, which has produced many great players. He calls it “probably the most competitive league in the state. There are nine schools all private with the ability to recruit. It’s like a men’s league. Some of these kids are huge. I call it the Beast League.”

Hockaday believes he still has a shot at the overall state record, because the Patriots are in the MIAA playoffs.

“I think my chances are real high,” he said hopefully. “I’ve hit six home runs in my last four games and I’m swinging a real hot bat.”

His future, indeed, is bright. Hockaday carries a 3.4 GPA and has signed with the University of Maryland, where he wants to study kinesiology. However, he also has a good shot at being a high pick during June’s Major League Draft.

He plays shortstop for John Carroll, but Stetka sees him at third base or right field after high school.

“Maryland is a good option, but playing professional baseball always has been my dream,” Hockaday said.

Whatever happens in the next month, Stetka promises, “He is going to play baseball for a long time as long as he stays healthy.”

Digital Harbor (Baltimore, Md.) standout Nathan Pitts Jr. batted a lofty .721 this year to set a Maryland state record, according to the Baltimore Sun.

New Albany (Ind.) sophomore lefthander Josh Rogers tied the school record by striking out 18 batters during an 8 1 victory over Seymour (Ind.). His fanned a maximum 15 during the first five innings.

Sophomore Evan Anderson belted three home runs as Dale (Okla.) routed Frederick (Okla.), 12 2, in five innings.

Mike Napoleon notched his 700th victory when New Trier (Winnetka, Ill.) edged Maine South (Park Ridge, Ill.),
timberland outlet store Hockaday passes Mark Teixeira's home run record
9 7.

6 timberland boots Hoboken man missing since Saturday night after leaving local bar

timberland clearance sale Hoboken man missing since Saturday night after leaving local bar

HOBOKEN It was sometime between 10:30 and 11:30 on Saturday night, when police say 24 year old Matthew Genovese told his three friends at McSwiggan’s Pub he was headed home, a familiar 10 minute walk through the freshly fallen snow from the blizzard earlier that day.

Police say 24 year old Matthew Genovese was last seen leaving McSwiggan’s Pub in downtown Hoboken on Saturday night before Midnight. (Photo via Hoboken Police Department)

Somewhere along the 10 block stretch between the pub, located at First Street and Bloomfield Avenue, and Genovese’s uptown apartment on Garden Street, police and friends say something happened that kept him from getting home, and he hasn’t been seen since.

Now,
6 timberland boots Hoboken man missing since Saturday night after leaving local bar
Hoboken police are asking anyone who might have seen Genovese or have any information about him to call the department at (201) 420 2100.

Genovese is described as Italian American, standing 5 foot 3 and weighing 150 pounds, physically fit, with short black hair and brown eyes.

He was last seen wearing a red, orange and grey flannel shirt over a grey Fordham University T shirt with maroon text, tan khaki pants, and tan Timberland boots.

Word of Genovese’s disappearance has spread on social media,
6 timberland boots Hoboken man missing since Saturday night after leaving local bar
with loved ones and well wishers posting the Hoboken Police missing persons bulletin and word of encouragement on Facebook.

timberland pro split rock safety boots HMRC win appeal over Ibrox club’s use of EBT payments

timberland tops HMRC win appeal over Ibrox club’s use of EBT payments

Rangers tax case: HMRC win appeal over Ibrox club’s use of EBT paymentsA judgment from the Judiciary of Scotland this morning stated the Employee Benefit Trust scheme operated by Sir David Murray between 2001 and 2010 was “subject to income tax”.10:52, 4 NOV 2015Updated13:03, 4 NOV 2015Get daily updates directly to your inbox+ SubscribeThank you for subscribing!

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THE TAXMAN today won its appeal in the Rangers Big Tax Case after judges ruled against the Ibrox club’s former owner.

Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs (HRMC) last year lost its original appeal against a tax tribunal ruling on payments made by former Rangers owner Sir David Murray’s group of companies.

But that ruling was overturned after judges at the Court of Session in Edinburgh found various trusts for executives and players at the club were “a mere redirection of emoluments or earnings”.

They ruled the trusts were accordingly “subject to income tax”.

Delivering the opinion published this morning, Lord Drummond Young said it was “common sense”.

A court previously decreed that a tax demand on Murray’s company, most of which referred to oldco Rangers, be “reduced substantially”.

The Murray group contended the payments made through the now outlawed Employee Benefit Trusts were loans and not taxable income.

HMRC appealed against a decision on tax assessments made on Murray Group Holdings and other members of the Murray Group of companies, including Rangers oldco.

In the new appeal Lord Justice Clerk, Lord Carloway, sitting with Lord Menzies and Lord Drummond Young, heard that from 2001/2 to 2008/9 the companies entered into transactions in a scheme designed to avoid income tax and National Insurance contributions (NICs) for employees.

The taxman argued the cash payments were in consideration of services by the employee, and thus had been “earned”.

Therefore, the scheme amounted to “a mere redirection of earnings which did not remove the liability of employees to income tax”.

The appeal judges observed that the “fundamental principle” that emerged from previous cases was clear, namely “if income is derived from an employee’s services qua [in their capacity as] employee, it is an emolument or earnings, and is thus assessable to income tax, even if the employee requests or agrees that it be redirected to a third party”.

Lord Drummond Young wrote: “That accords with common sense.

Murray was in charge during the period EBTs were used

It’s thought the decision on the notorious “big tax case” will have no impact on the current regime at Rangers although that has still to be confirmed.

Murray sold Rangers to Craig Whyte in May 2011, and the club was liquidated 13 months later over separate debts.
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timberland mens HIV hits American Indians at high rate in Minnesota

timberland boot sale HIV hits American Indians at high rate in Minnesota

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DULUTH, Minn. The rate of hepatitis C among American Indians in Minnesota is “terrifyingly higher” than for other racial and ethnic groups, a state epidemiologist said on Thursday. The occasion was the Health Department’s annual release of data for HIV/AIDS and hepatitis A, B and C in Minnesota.

The chronic liver disease a virus that’s often abbreviated as HCV also is seen at a relatively high rate outside of the Twin Cities metro area, said Kristin Sweet of the Minnesota Department of Health.”A lot of people think hepatitis C is an urban issue,” Sweet said. “And a lot of that is because of historical factors and different traditions.”Most of the diseases for which data were released on Thursday were much more common in the metro area than for the rest of the state. “They’re missing an opportunity to get into treatment” by not catching it earlier, Hill said.”>

The chronic liver disease a virus that’s often abbreviated as HCV also is seen at a relatively high rate outside of the Twin Cities metro area, said Kristin Sweet of the Minnesota Department of Health.

“A lot of people think hepatitis C is an urban issue,” Sweet said. “Our data do not hold to that.”

The statistics for Indians with HIV also was surprisingly high.

In 2014, the rate of American Indians living with AIDS in Minnesota was 4,
timberland mens HIV hits American Indians at high rate in Minnesota
102 out of every 100,000, Sweet said. That was nearly double the rate for blacks or African Americans and far above the rates for Hispanics, Asians or Pacific islanders and whites, all of which were below the rate of 500 for every 100,000.

The reason for this is not clear .

“American Indian culture is slightly different than the non native culture up here,” said Ellen Hill, the Health Department’s epidemiologist for Northeastern Minnesota. “And a lot of that is because of historical factors and different traditions.”

Most of the diseases for which data were released on Thursday were much more common in the metro area than for the rest of the state. But it was closer for hepatitis C greater Minnesota is responsible for 39 percent of the cases and about 45 percent of the overall population.

That might be because HCV, which is linked to injecting drugs, is most prevalent among baby boomers, and the population is older outside of the metro area, Hill said. The virus can lie dormant for years or even decades before showing itself, so baby boomers who may not have injected drugs since the 1960s or 1970s suddenly could find themselves diagnosed with HCV.

The median age for people with HCV in Minnesota is 56, according to the Health Department data.

Overall, 43,543 Minnesotans were identified as having HCV last year, Sweet said. But it’s estimated that more than 19,
timberland mens HIV hits American Indians at high rate in Minnesota
000 cases went undetected.

timberland timberland Hitori no Kokoro v

timberland boots size 6 Hitori no Kokoro v

Tuesday, December 30, 2003

Finally got the Picard/Felix dialogue I wanted. ^^ But all inspiration for the fic has gone with the wind. sweatdrops But then I got to wondering in their relationship, who would be seme and who would be uke I mean, they both have such strong wills that neither of them could actually be a uke. At first, I was thinking, Felix looks more like a seme (y the tall dark silent type). But then, Picard older and I picture him with this impish sort of personality that can be controlled at all. Hm. I wanna do seme Felix with impish uke Picard. Or seme Picard with unwilling uke Felix.

Or I could do Alex/Felix yaoi in which Alex has to be seme. Makes things a lot simpler.

And once again, I am wondering which pairing I prefer. Felix/Picard (or is it Picard/Felix because, well, they stand far more of a chance and can end happy. That, and their relationship will be so funny. But Alex/Felix. oh the angst. Alex seems so hard to write, because he such a complex character. And the misery he bring Felix when they find out he a power hungry maniac. That, and what the game infers to as his death.

Damn. Maybe I just start from the beginning, do Alex/Felix and then have Picard catch Felix on the rebound after Alex dies.

This is so pathetic. All I ever babble about on this thing is my inability to write a good fic. That, of course, points to the fact that I have practically no life to babble on about.

Sunday, December 28, 2003

I checked every single history book in the library I could find that even remotely mention the Bakumatsu/Meiji Restoration. And not a single one mentioned the Shinsengumi at all. I mean, there was one that said that the strongest resistance against the Choshu/Satsuma rebels was a group sponsered by Aizu, and I can infer that they meant the Shinsengumi. But they didn even state their name. sighs I need the dialogue from where he appears, I really feel like writing a Picard/Felix fic. ^^ There just isn enough GS yaoi in the world.

But most likely it turn out as shit. The only thing I been able to work on lately is a Saitou/Okita (RK of course) fic that I never plan to show anyone, because its sole purpose is to magically bring Okita back to life and make me feel better about how hopeless his relationship with anyone is. T_T

Now if only I can figure out which Okita pairing I prefer Hijikata/Okita (PMK) or Saitou/Okita (RK). Or maybe they almost the same, as PMK Hijikata and RK Saitou are eerily alike.

Wednesday, December 24,
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2003

Peacemaker 12! ^ ^ Sanosuke, Shinpachi, and Heisuke. So adorable! needs to make screencaps of uber kawaii poses And Saitou was creepy per usual. But so damn hilarious! I starting to kinda like Tatsu too. He the kind of older brother I would want and shit, he just burst through that wall. o_0 Hijikata was in the eppy too. for less than a minute. T_T I want more HijiOki scenes. And Okita had a sister Hm. Growing up with only an older sister. Maybe I reading too much into it, but is that why Okita so. questionable ^^;; Makes me kinda worried for my little brother, having two older sisters. That, and the fact that he loves to play with stuffed animals more than I do, goes squealie at cute animals, and gets all excited at a picture of Legolas just because I like him so much.

Wednesday, December 24, 2003

Christmas Eve! ^^ Trying to do a HijiOki fan comic ish thing. but Hijikata hair still refuses to cooperate.

Tuesday, December 23, 2003

Realized I really don mind Saitou (RK)/Okita (RK). o_0 Uh. I wouldn mind Hijikata (RK)/Okita (RK) either, if anyone every wrote that. But. PMK, I will refuse anything other than Hijikata/Okita. ^^

Yeah, pointless entry I bored. hopes muses will kick in soon

Monday, December 22, 2003

Got yet another lecture on college. T_T Why the hell does my mom always choose to bother me about it instead of my sister Jeez. She doesn get any lecture about how it important to be well rounded (as in get off your lazy ass and play sports no matter how shitty you are at them), why I shouldn just want to go to a college and that I should instead choose one that specifies in my field of choice,
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and that I shouldn be so gung ho to go away from home for college.

timberland snow boot Hit musical Shrek is among the new shows coming to Norwich Theatre Royal

used timberland boots Hit musical Shrek is among the new shows coming to Norwich Theatre Royal

Swamp spectacular Shrek is among the new shows and events coming to Norwich Theatre Royal next year, it’s been announced today.

The hit musical will be returning to the city venue next June with its tale of Shrek the ogre’s quest to rescue the moody Princess Fiona from her tower guarded by a fire breathing but love sick dragon.

Also newly announced for the 2018 line up is Ruth Rendell classic Gallowglass, the award winning play Art, a concert by the Britten Sinfonia and one night shows Rumours of Fleetwood Mac and Champions of Magic.

Sir Michael Parkinson will also be taking to the stage in January after his original date was postponed due to the chat show king having minor surgery.

Norwich Theatre Royal new shows Shrek. Photo: Helen Maybanks

John Bultitude, from Norwich Theatre Royal, said: “We are so excited to welcome Shrek back to the city. The gentle giant and his friends brought theatrical magic last time they were with us and are sure to put a smile on everyone’s summer next year. The incredibly talented cast and the stunning direction of Nigel Harman make this a must see.

“Add in a multi award winning play featuring three of Britain’s most highly regarded and best loved actors, a suspense thriller guaranteed to play on the emotions, musical performances from a range of genres and a jaw dropping night of illusion, and 2018 is shaping up to be an exciting year at Norwich Theatre Royal.”

Below is the lowdown on each of the shows:

Norwich Theatre Royal new shows Shrek. Photo: Helen Maybanks

Shrek is set to delight audiences all ‘ogre’ again when it returns to Norwich Theatre Royal next summer. Shrek and the ever loyal Donkey will embark on a quest to rescue Princess Fiona in the colourful tale which also features the vertically challenged Lord Farquaad and a whole host of fairy tale misfits.

Taking on the title role is Steffan Harri who played the role on the show’s very first tour and has a string of West End credits including Les Misrables, Spamalot and Children of Eden. Also returning to the show is King’s Lynn born and bred Kevin Yates, who is part of the ensemble, and director Nigel Harman who is also known for playing the role of Dennis Rickman in EastEnders.

Norwich Theatre Royal new shows Shrek. Photo: Helen Maybanks

Co producer Nick Salmon said: “I am thrilled that the show will be reuniting many of the talented team members who have been involved in the production since day one. Nigel has gone from being Lord Farquaad in the West End to directing our touring production and Steffan, who was previously one of our hilarious Three Pigs, will be stepping into Shrek’s ogre sized shoes. We can’t wait to bring this much loved story to Norwich once more.”

2. Gallowglass February 20 to 24

The Ruth Rendell classic, written under the name Barbara Vine, sees homeless youngster Joe snatched from the path of a tube train. His saviour Sandor tells him he owns his life now and begins telling him a fairy tale. As the lines of fantasy and reality blur, a chilling story of obsession emerges in this production presented by the Middle Ground Theatre Company.

Norwich Theatre Royal new shows Art. Image: supplied by Norwich Theatre Royal

Britten Sinfonia and conductor Thomas Ads return to Norwich to perform Beethoven Symphonies 4 and 5, as part of the Norfolk and Norwich Festival. The concert will also feature Piano Concerto by Irish composer Gerald Barry.

5. An Evening with Sir Michael Parkinson January 30

Norwich Theatre Royal new shows An Evening With Sir Michael Parkinson. Photo: Jane Brown

Chat show legend Sir Michael Parkinson will take to the stage in a night packed full of reminiscences and the chance to see some classic interviews from the Parkinson archive.

6. Rumours of Fleetwood Mac March 21

Hit show Rumours of Fleetwood Mac features a live performance of Fleetwood Mac’s Rumours album note for note in its entirety.

7. Champions of Magic April 1

Masters of illusion the Champions Of Magic will make their Norwich Theatre Royal debut with a show full of mind reading, disappearances, levitation, teleportation and a heart stopping finale.
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timberland boots size 8 History of the Republican Party United States

timberland eurosprint tree History of the Republican Party United States

See also: History of the Democratic Party (United States)

The Republican Party began in 1854 with the formation of the Third Party System. Since around 1880, it has come to be known as the GOP (or “Grand Old Party”). It was the dominant national political party until 1932. After which time it struggled while the Democratic Party under the New Deal Coalition was dominant. Since 1968, the GOP has won 7 of 10 presidential elections (losing in 1976, 1992, and 1996), but infrequently controlling Congress. Its great rival is the Democratic Party.

The Republican party began as a spontaneous grass roots protest against the Kansas Nebraska Act of 1854, which allowed slavery into western territories where it had been forbidden by earlier compromises. The creation of the new party, along with the death of the Whig Party, realigned American politics. The central issues were new, as were the voter alignments, and the balance of power in Congress. The name “Republican” gained such favor in 1854 because “republicanism” was the paramount political value the new party meant to uphold. The name also echoed the former Jeffersonian party of the First Party System. The party founders adopted the name “Republican” to indicate it was the carrier of “republican” beliefs about civic virtue, and opposition to aristocracy and corruption. [1]

Two small cities of the Yankee diaspora, Ripon, Wisconsin, and Jackson, Michigan, claim the birthplace honors. [2] Ripon held the first county convention on March 20, 1854. Jackson held the first statewide convention where delegates on July 6, 1854 declared their new party opposed to the expansion of slavery into new territories and selected a state wide slate of candidates. The Midwest took the lead in forming state party tickets, while the eastern states lagged a year or so. There were no efforts to organize the party in the South, apart from a few areas adjacent to free states. The new party was sectional, based in the northeast and northern Midwest areas with a strong Yankee presence. It had only scattered support in slave states before the Civil War.[3]

The first presidential nomination in 1856 when to an obscure western explorer John C. Fremont, as the party crusaded against the Slave Power with the slogan, “Free Soil, Free Labor, Free men, Fremont and victory!” Democrats warned darkly that disunion and Civil War would result. The remnants of the Know Nothing movement prevented the new party from sweeping the North, and the Democrats elected James Buchanan. By 1858 the Know Nothings were gone and the Republicans swept the North. The 1860 election seemed a certain victory, for the party had majorities in states with a majority of the electoral votes. In the event the opposition split three ways, and Abraham Lincoln coasted to an easy victory, carrying 18 states with 190 electoral votes, while the opposition carried 15 states (mostly in the South) with 123 electoral votes. It vigorously argued that free market labor was superior to slavery and the very foundation of civic virtue and true American values this is the “Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men” ideology explored by historian Eric Foner [4]. The Republicans absorbed the previous traditions of its members, most of whom had been Whigs, and some of whom had been Democrats or members of third parties (especially the Free Soil Party and Know Nothings (American Party). Many Democrats who joined up were rewarded with governorships. The churches also provided social networks that politicians used to sign up voters. The pietistic churches, heavily influenced by the revivals of the Second Great Awakening, emphasized the duty of the Christian to purge sin from society. Sin took many forms alcoholism, polygamy and slavery became special targets for the Republicans. The Yankees, who dominated New England, much of upstate New York, and much of the upper Midwest were the strongest supporters of the new party. This was especially true for the pietistic Congregationalists and Presbyterians among them and (during the war), the Methodists, along with Scandinavian Lutherans. The Quakers were a small tight knit group that was heavily Republican. The liturgical churches (Roman Catholic, Episcopal, German Lutheran), by contrast, largely rejected the moralism of the GOP; most of their adherents voted Democratic. [7]John C. Frmont ran as the first Republican nominee for President in 1856, using the political slogan: “Free soil, free labor, free speech, free men, Frmont.” Although Frmont’s bid was unsuccessful, the party showed a strong base. It dominated in New England, New York and the northern Midwest, and had a strong presence in the rest of the North. It had almost no support in the South, where it was roundly denounced in 1856 60 as a divisive force that threatened civil war. The election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860 ended the domination of the fragile coalition of pro slavery southern Democrats and conciliatory northern Democrats which had existed since the days of Andrew Jackson. Instead, a new era of Republican dominance based in the industrial and agricultural north ensued. Republicans still often refer to their party as the “party of Lincoln” in honor of the first Republican President.

See also: American election campaigns in the 19th century

See also: Third Party System

Civil War and Reconstruction: 1861 1876

Civil War: 1861 1865

Lincoln proved brilliantly successful in uniting the factions of his party to fight for the Union.[8] However he usually fought the Radical Republicans who demanded harsher measures. Most Democrats at first were War Democrats, and supportive until the fall of 1862. When Lincoln added the abolition of slavery as a war goal, many war Democrats became “peace Democrats.” All the state Republican parties accepted the antislavery goal except Kentucky. In Congress, the party passed major legislation to promote rapid modernization, including a national banking system, high tariffs, an income tax, many excise taxes, paper money issued without backing (“greenbacks”), a huge national debt, homestead laws, and aid to education and agriculture. The Republicans denounced the peace oriented Democrats as Copperheads and won enough War Democrats to maintain their majority in 1862; in 1864, they formed a coalition with many War Democrats as the “National Union Party” which reelected Lincoln easily, then folded back into the Republican party. By 1864, Radical Republicans controlled Congress and demanded more aggressive action against slavery, and more vengeance toward the Confederates. Lincoln held them off, but just barely. Republicans at first welcomed President Andrew Johnson; the Radicals thought he was one of them and would take a hard line in punishing the South. Johnson however broke with them and formed a loose alliance with moderate Republicans and Democrats. The showdown came in the Congressional elections of 1866, in which the Radicals won a sweeping victory and took full control of Reconstruction, passing key laws over the veto. Johnson was impeached by the House, but acquitted by the Senate. With the election of Ulysses S. Army detachments. Republicans all across the South formed local clubs called Union Leagues that effectively mobilized the voters, discussed issues, and when necessary fought off Ku Klux Klan attacks. Thousands died on both sides.

Grant supported radical reconstruction programs in the South, the 14th Amendment, and equal civil and voting rights for the freedmen. Most of all he was the hero of the war veterans, who marched to his tune. The party had become so large that factionalism was inevitable; it was hastened by Grant’s tolerance of high levels of corruption typified by the Whiskey Ring. The “Liberal Republicans” split off in 1872 on the grounds that it was time to declare the war finished and bring the troops home. Many of the founders of the GOP joined the movement, as did many powerful newspaper editors. They nominated Horace Greeley, who gained unofficial Democratic support, but was defeated in a landslide. The depression of 1873 energized the Democrats. They won control of the House and formed “Redeemer” coalitions which recaptured control of each southern state, in some cases using threats and violence.

Reconstruction came to an end when the contested election of 1876 was awarded by a special electoral commission to Republican Rutherford B. Hayes who promised, through the unofficial Compromise of 1877, to withdraw federal troops from control of the last three southern states. The region then became the Solid South, giving overwhelming majorities of its electoral votes and Congressional seats to the Democrats until 1964.

In terms of racial issues, “White Republicans as well as Democrats solicited black votes but reluctantly rewarded blacks with nominations for office only when necessary, even then reserving the more choice positions for whites. The results were predictable: these half a loaf gestures satisfied neither black nor white Republicans. The fatal weakness of the Republican party in Alabama, as elsewhere in the South, was its inability to create a biracial political party. And while in power even briefly, they failed to protect their members from Democratic terror. Alabama Republicans were forever on the defensive, verbally and physically.” [Woolfolk p 134]

Social pressure eventually forced most Scalawags to join the conservative/Democratic Redeemer coalition. A minority persisted and formed the “tan” half of the “Black and Tan” Republican party, a minority in every southern state after 1877. (DeSantis 1998)

Gilded Age: 1877 1894

The “GOP” (as it was now nicknamed) split into factions in the late 1870s. The Stalwarts, followers of Senator Conkling, defended the spoils system. The Half Breeds, who followed Senator James G. Blaine of Maine, pushed for Civil service reform. Independents who opposed the spoils system altogether were called “Mugwumps”. In 1884 they rejected James G. Blaine as corrupt and helped elect Democrat Grover Cleveland; most returned to the party by 1888.

As the Northern post bellum economy boomed with heavy and light industry, railroads, mines, and fast growing cities, as well as prosperous agriculture, the Republicans took credit and promoted policies to keep the fast growth going. the gold standard), high tariffs, and high pensions for Union veterans. By 1890, however, the Republicans had agreed to the Sherman Antitrust Act and the Interstate Commerce Commission in response to complaints from owners of small businesses and farmers. The high McKinley Tariff of 1890 hurt the party and the Democrats swept to a landslide in the off year elections, even defeating McKinley himself.
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timberland childrens shoes History of the Irish Rugby Football Union

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Dublin University, founded in 1854, was the first organised Rugby Football Club in Ireland. Students at the University had first learnt the game while at English Public Schools. Other clubs which were formed at the time and are still in existence include, Wanderers founded in 1869; Lansdowne (1873); Dungannon (1873); UCC (1874); Co. Carlow (1873); Ballinasloe (1875); NIFC (1868); Queen’s University (1869). The Irish Football Union had jurisdiction over Clubs in Leinster, Munster and parts of Ulster; the Northern Football Union of Ireland controlled the Belfast area. When the first International was played against England in February 1875, the teams were twenty a side and the Irish team included 12 players from Leinster and eight from Ulster. The first fifteen a side match was in 1877 and the first Munster players were chosen in 1879.

In 1879 the two Unions agreed to amalgamate on the following terms:

(i) A Union to be known as the Irish Rugby Football Union was to be formed for the whole country.

(ii) Branches were to be formed in Leinster, Munster and Ulster.

(iii) The Union was to be run by a Council of eighteen,
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made up of six from each province.

The Council was to meet annually. The Council of the Union still meets annually, but the day to day affairs are managed by a Committee comprising a President, two Vice Presidents, the immediate Past President, the Honorary Treasurer and nineteen members. In 1885, twenty six Clubs were affiliated to the Union of which ten were in Ulster, nine in Leinster, seven in Munster. The Connacht Branch was formed in 1886. There are presently 60,000 (approx.) players in total in Ireland. 56 clubs are affiliated to the Ulster Branch; 71 to the Leinster Branch: 59 to the Munster Branch and 19 to the Connacht Branch. In addition there are 246 Schools playing rugby, Ulster (107), Leinster (75), Munster (41) and Connacht (23).

There is a National League of 50 Senior Clubs.

The Union owns grounds at Lansdowne Road at which International Rugby and Soccer matches are played. The ground is also home to Wanderers and Lansdowne Rugby clubs. Developments in recent years have added greatly to the seating capacity and the ground now holds approx 50,000. The Union also owns Ravenhill Park in Belfast, Thomond Park in Limerick and a number of grounds in provincial areas that have been rented to Clubs.

There is a Branch of the Union in each Province which s managed by a Committee representative of the Clubs in that province. The function of a branch is to regulate the affairs of its Clubs and Schools and to organise Interprovincial matches,
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Club competitions and Club matches. The Interprovicial series that is played before Christmas each season provides a useful series of trial matches for the Irish Selectors.

timberland laces History of Supra Footwear

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The trendiest sneakers in the sneaker industry at the moment are Supra Sneakers. Supra Footwear launched in 2005 when Angel Cabada decided to expanded his interest in making cool, fashionable gear to include sneakers.

Angel Cabada grew up in Orange County, California where he fell in love with skateboarding. He tried working regular jobs, but nothing lasted very long. So he decided to break the mold and make clothes with some friends.

His first brand was TSA. TSA lasted about 10 years before Angel split up with his partner. He learned a lot about the business through his experience with TSA. In 2002, he started KR3W which is still going strong under the umbrella company One Distribution. One Distribution covers both KR3W and Supra Footwear. The original plan was to make KR3W Footwear, but Angel realized this would be a conflict of interest for people he worked with so he made a whole new company which he named Supra Footwear. The name Supra is Latin for “above and beyond”. Angel wanted to do something to complement his clothing line,
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and he thought the shoes out there were too chunky.

His first Men Supra Sneakers were the Skytops. When Angel first made the Skytop, a lot of people made fun of him. But it sold so fast it clear who had the last laugh. The Skytop is still very popular and you can buy it right here at the SoHo Sneaker Shop

Angel doesn pay anyone to wear Supra Sneakers. He gives free samples to his friends and they wear them because they like them. Among those who wear Supra are Steve Aoki, Chad Muska, and Samantha Ronson who wears Women Supra Sneakers. One reason for their popularity is that people respond to the genuineness of the brand. Real skaters wear them because real skaters like them. When Angel made the Gold 14k Edition with Chad Muska, the consumer interest was as high as interest generally associated with Nike. The 413 Silver Edition sold out in thirty minutes. Supra NS line was released in fashion driven trade shows instead of skate shops. Everything was black and white to begin with.

A crowning moment for Supra was when Little Wayne and Jay Z wore Skytops at the BET awards. The Supra Sneaker line is a great sneaker that not only looks awesome, but is a genuine skate shoe.

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timberland loafers History of Skittles Candy

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Skittles is a favorite candy of kids and is the most popular candies available. It was created 40 years back and throughout the time it has been updated and marketed to always look colorful and attractive.

Skittles was introduced for the first time in US markets in 1974. The candy was loosely based on the M products that have a colorful candy shell and a chocolate center. Still it has a colorful shell and instead of chocolate center, the center has a fruity and sometimes sour taste in it. In addition, Skittles prints a small ‘s’ on each of its candies instead of where the M logo is found on M candies.

While it was originally made in England, the production of these candies moved to the US after becoming popular over there. Mars Corporation which is perhaps one of the largest candy makers today currently owns Skittles.

The original skittles has five different fruit flavors that include grape, strawberry, lemon, lime and orange. Furthermore, Skittles has other varieties available that include Skittles Candies Tropical, Skittles Candies Original Flavor and Skittles Bite Size Candies Smoothie Mix. They feature smooth fruit combinations which include mango, peach pear and orange.

Skittles was extended with the release of Skittles Bubble Gum in the summer of 2004. In addition to the crunchy candy shell, the difference was the center having a fruit flavor and soft bubble gum.

Skittles is easily eatable, it is an attractive candy which is wrapped in a colorful shell. The complete process of creating Skittles takes nearly 8 hours. First, the chewy center is created which is primarily made of sugar and other ingredients including fruit juice, citric acid, hydrogenated vegetable oil, natural and artificial flavors. When the center is completed, these centers are coated with a sugar flavored shell. This process is called panning. These shells are then polished and blended. The logo ‘s’ is then printed on each candy. Finally it is packed and is ready for sale.

The marketing slogan ‘Taste the rainbow’ is the identity of Skittles. Skittles is sold today worldwide in more than 65 countries and is still one of the most popular and available candy brand. It is manufactured in the Czech Republic for European markets and in Victoria for markets in Australian and New Zealand.

People interested in the above article are also interested in the related articles listed below:

Diwali Sweets to Spread Sweetness and Joy

Diwali, the festival of rejoicing is round the corner and the nation is sprucing up for it in style. Diwali is also the harbinger of good times which is enhanced with the exchange of Diwali sweets. Diwali sweets are imperative to the celebrations and the article explores the most popular varieties.

The History Of Chupa Chups Lollipops

Chupa Chups are among the most amazing lollipops made today. The company started as an idea of a Spanish citizen named Enric Bernat in 1958. Mr. Bernat started his career at an apple jam factory. He approached investors about a lollipop business but they soon left. He took over the company himself and built the first production machines with his own hands.

A Short History of Skittles and Laffy Taffy

One of the most popular candies available in America is Skittles while Lafffy Taffy is also one of America’s most well known a candy brands loved by children and available in a variety of fruit flavors. Skittles is has a chocolate center with a colorful candy shell and chewable in the mouth. A small “s” is printed on each candy. Laffy Taffy is a modern form of chewable toffee and packed in a variety of formats.

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timberlands kids History of Online Shopping

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Toward the end of 1994, MONEY magazine published a story about the sharp rise in consumers shopping from home. That year, some 98 million consumers made $60 billion worth of purchases from home, nearly all of it through phone orders prompted by mail catalogues and TV shopping channels. Another home shopping option had suddenly arrived on the scene that year, too shopping service [that] requires a PC or Macintosh that equipped with a modem. The article explained how such curious services worked:

For ordering, many of the stores offer shoppers an 800 telephone number to call. Others are set up so a shopper can click on a box next to the desired gift, type in payment information and the shipping address and then hit a Order button. Some companies even let shoppers pick out the wrapping paper via computer.

That pretty much how people talked about e commerce in 1994, when it was brand spanking new, not to mention weird, sorta scary, and totally unfamiliar to most consumers. a CD, which is how we used to listen to music before iPods, kids) by Sting transaction as the first retail transaction on the Internet using a readily available version of powerful data encryption software designed to guarantee privacy. There was some skepticism, lots of confusion, and plenty of futuristic gee whiz bluster about all of this business. For instance, a headline in The Financial Post (Canada) described e commerce as a magical experience, and the story that followed was a bit dismissive of latest fad. An October Computerworld story pointed to the group of skeptics who categorized online shopping as just another component of the that was the Internet.

Mostly, though, what amazing is that, in retrospect, so much of what was said and written in 1994 about online shopping was pretty much right on the money. From the get go, many people realized that e commerce would revolutionize shopping, by making it cheaper, more convenient, and more customizable than traditional shopping in physical stores. There were also tons of concerns about security, fraud, hackers, and porn, as well as predictions that as online shopping grew, advertising would absolutely ruin the Internet.

Without further ado, here are some of the funny, odd, and/or eerily prophetic ways people viewed online shopping 20 years ago, back when it was just a baby.

Online shopping was as hip as the Marlboro Man. An end of the year article from USA Today featured a side by side list of trends that were In and Out for 1994. The Out side included no longer cool stuff like faxes, Bud Light, Joe Camel, theme parks, and TV shopping, while the corresponding IN side listed the Internet, microbrews, Marlboro Man, casinos, and shopping. Everything had to be explained in (now) excruciatingly painful detail. A modem, a New York Times magazine story explained, was small device that sends and receives computer language over the telephone and does with computer files what a fax machine does with paper. You need one of these to use the Internet and possibly buy stuff, you see.

People had no clue where or how to buy stuff. dirty little secret on the Internet is that nobody selling anything yet, an executive at QVC told a publication called Network World. At the time, home shopping networks like QVC were viewed as potentially huge players in online shopping. Few retailers had their own websites or Internet as they were more often described, so they used services like the Internet Shopping Network of an home shopping mall, as Reuters put it post items for sale. At the time, the Internet Shopping Network merely listed product descriptions, but the plan was to eventually feature product photos and moving pictures of the items. Roland Bust, a marketing professor at Vanderbilt University, explained to the Atlanta Journal and Constitution that most consumers know where to go when they attempted to shop online in 1994. a real mall, a cyberspace mall has lots of stores, and finding a particular product can be hard unless a user knows which stores carry what, the story summed up. Interestingly, the article also pointed to CD ROMs as another online shopping option at the time. Bean.

There was plenty to be scared about fraud, porn, and more. If you think your private information is easy for scammers and marketers to gather now, just think about the Internet circa 1994. The NYT magazine story regarded email as a private written message. The Mail on Sunday (London) warned consumers that purchase orders must be placed on the phone because card numbers given down a computer are not yet safe from fraud. Five of the 10 most popular then on the Internet were oriented, the Atlanta Journal and Constitution cautioned, and because free porn was easy to come by and the has more dirty jokes than the walls of a public bathroom, there was cause for concern that unsuspecting web surfers and shoppers would be horrified with what they (or their children) found. the title of some of the discussion groups is something you don want your kids to see, the head of IBM Internet services said to the (London) Times.

It was assumed advertising would ruin everything. This now seems pretty laughable, but in the early Internet culture was uncommercial, in the words of Computerworld. What was then a niche group of users wanted the Internet to be a place where ideas and information could be shared quickly and openly. But as such it was open to the possibility of hijacked by companies, which will flood the system with advertising, according to the Times.

are looking for ways to exploit cyberspace, the Atlanta Journal and Constitution stated. And many Internet users weren happy about it. So called zones were on the Internet for exclusive use by advertisers, but companies haven figured out how to get netsurfers to look at them. Efforts to plant ads in the network 2,500 newsgroups have caused an uproar.

Another prophetic assumption: Online shopping would make stuff cheaper. goods electronically can be 40% to 50% cheaper than by conventional means, Computerworld explained. Without the need for salespeople or even a physical sales space, it seemed inevitable that online shopping offered sellers a means to lower overhead costs therefore lower the prices charged to customers. going to want to do electronic shopping if there no advantage to the customer that advantage is cost. You got to save money, Randy Adams, a serial entrepreneur who went on to co found Funny or Die, told the San Jose Mercury News in 1994, when he was involved in an e commerce startup. think conventional retailers are not going to like what we doing because we forcing margins down.

Sure enough, they didn they still don like how e retail giants like Amazon are pushing around the competition and product makers alike, usually with the idea of getting prices lower for the customer.

People saw the upsides of customization and convenience, too. Not only would online shopping make it possible to buy stuff 24/7, regardless of hours, and without dealing with traffic or even leaving the house, but e commerce also brought with it the opportunity to order far more than what one found on a store shelves. A 1994 USA Today story focused on the new concept of merchandising, in which customers could order shoes, jeans, greeting cards, and more in the personalized style and size of their choosing. trend is the first step toward on line shopping customers will use computers to order exactly what they want rather than going to a mall, the article stated.

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timberland shoes for women uk History of my TR7

toddler timberlands History of my TR7

For well over two decades now I have carefully maintained and cared for the car. The novelty has never worn off. With an ideal Garage and disciplined approach to driving, the fun factor in owning such a car sometimes goes against the ‘A to B as quickly as possible’ means of transport scenario that is common place in society today.

My TR7 is a Solihull built 1982 champagne beige Drophead coupe (DHC), and one of the very last ever built (commission no. 408242). In October 1988 I purchased the car privately with 37,000 recorded miles from a guy in Wood Green, London, who shed a tear even after pocketing my 3000!

The car was originally owned by BL Cars Ltd., MCP/ECP Dept., Longbridge, Birmingham and was a management car plan company lease car for an Austin Rover manager. Delivered on 13/9/82, it covered 7696 miles before being auctioned off by BL (Maybe the Manager was sacked or made redundant?). .

A garage acquired the car (Les Archer (Hants) Ltd.) of Farnborough,
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Hampshire and it was then sold on 4/5/84 to a Mr. Bishop of Burnham, Slough, (The car’s first private owner), who actually purchased the car for his wife. .

Mr. Bishop recalls at the time of making the purchase the garage had recently obtained two TR7s direct from the factory, (purchased at auction) which were ‘motor cars the factory had retained for their own use.’.

Mike Cutmore has retained all MOT Certificates, parts invoices, service invoices.

The Maintenance history below refers to work carried out over above the normally required regular service items (oil changes, filter renewals, spark plug renewals, steering rack lubrication, Gearbox differential oil level checks etc.),
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which are periodically undertaken as necessary. (Mileage Records retained by Mike Cutmore).

timberland lansley boots History of Jimmy Choo

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History of Jimmy Choo,Jimmy Choo,Jimmy Choo Shoe,Jimmy Choo Handbag

Jimmy Choo was launched in 1996 when Tamara Mellon, Acessories Editor at British Vogue realized the potential demand for stylish but wearable shoes and approached Mr Jimmy Choo, the couture shoe maker based in the East End of London, recognized for his excellent craftmanship. Tamara partnered with Mr Jimmy Choo to start the ready to wear shoe company and opened the first stand alone boutique on Motcomb Street, London along with a strong wholesale business.

Jimmy Choo was launched in 1996 when Tamara Mellon, Acessories Editor at British Vogue realized the potential demand for stylish but wearable shoes and approached Mr Jimmy Choo, the couture shoe maker based in the East End of London, recognized for his excellent craftmanship. Tamara partnered with Mr Jimmy Choo to start the ready to wear shoe company and opened the first stand alone boutique on Motcomb Street, London along with a strong wholesale business.

In 1998, Jimmy Choo opened its first boutique in New York followed by Los Angeles in 1999. Sparking an immediate success amoungst young Hollywood, Jimmy Choo became synonymous with the ‘red carpet’ shoe of choice and was hailed the lucky charm for Oscar winners such as Cate Blanchett, Halle Berry, Hilary Swank and many other Hollywood actresses.

In April 2001, My Jimmy Choo’s equity share of the business was purchased by Equinox Luxury Holdings Ltd. During this period, Jimmy Choo saw its first significant expansion and the introduction of handbags. In November 2004, Lion Capital acquired a majority shareholding, valuing the company at 101 million. In February 2007, a majority shareholding of Jimmy Choo was acquired by TowerBrook Capital Partners, the international private equity firm, a deal which valued the company at 185 million.

Today, Jimmy Choo encompasses a complete luxury lifestyle accessory brand with women’s shoes, handbags, small leather goods, sunglasses and eyewear. Its products are available in the growing network of freestanding stores as well as in the most prestigious department and specialty stores worldwide. From its original base in the United Kingdom and United States, the Jimmy Choo store network now encompasses over 90 locations in 31 countries.

The brand is the recipient of the 2008 ‘Designer Brand of the Year’ award from the British Fashion Council, the 2008 ACE award for ‘Brand of the Year’ from the Accessory Council and the 2008 ‘Brand of the Year’ from the 22nd Annual Footwear News Awards in New York and the 2009 Nordstrom ‘Partners in Excellence’ award.

Tamara Mellon, Founder and President, and Joshua Schulman, Chief Executive Officer, are in charge of the company’s development which today enjoys the stature of one of the world’s most treasured and prominent luxury brands.
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timberland boots size 6 History of High Heel Shoes

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High heel shoes can have an amazing effect on women and are able to fill them with pleasure and excitement when shopping for them at Chanel or Prada. The high heeled shoe in particular is a matter of contentious and heated discussion. No other shoe has gestured toward sexuality and sophistication as much as the high heeled shoe. So many women are dreaming of having their closets full of shoes, but in reality they are merely pay attention to the fact that shoes could be one of the oldest inventions of our ancestors.

High heels are not a modern invention. Rather, they enjoy a rich and varied history, for both men as well as women. Controversy exists over when high heels were first invented, but the consensus is that heels were worn by both men and women throughout the world for many centuries. depict an early version of shoes worn mostly by the higher classes. In ancient Greece and Rome, platform sandals called kothorni, later known as buskins in the Renaissance, were shoes with high wood or cork soles that were popular particularly among actors who would wear shoes of different heights to indicated varying social status or importance of characters.

Around 1500, European nobility developed heels as a separate part of their shoes, primarily as a means to help keep their feet in the stirrups. The wear of heels by men quickly became the fashion norm, primarily in the courts, and this practice spawned the term, “well heeled” as a reference to those who could afford the costlier shoes.

The modern European fashion of the high heel comes from the Italian “chapiney” or “chopine” style: mounted shoes on a 15 to 42 cm high cylinder. In 1430 chopines were prohibited in Venice, but nothing could stop the trend. The invention of the high heel is attributed to Catherine of Medici in Paris, in the 16th century, who used them due to her short stature, and soon introduced them into fashion amongst the European aristocracy. At the age of 14, Catherine de Medici was engaged to the powerful Duke of Orleans, later the King of France.

In the 17th century, the English Parliament punished as witches all women who used high heels to seduce men into marrying them. In his biography,
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the famous Giovanni Casanova declared his love for high heels, which raised women hoop skirts, thus showing their legs.

In 1791, the “Louis” high heels disappeared with the revolution, and Napoleon banished high heels in an attempt to show equality. Despite the Napoleonic Code against high heels, in 1793 Marie Antoinette went to the scaffold to be executed wearing two inch heels.

In the 1860s, heels as fashion became popular again, and the invention of the sewing machine allowed greater variety in high heels. In Victorian art and literature, cartoons and allusions to tiny feet and the affliction of large feet (typical of the elderly spinster) were ubiquitous. Victorians thought that the high heel emphasized the instep arch, which was seen as symbolic of a curve of a woman.

While high heels enjoyed widespread popularity in the late nineteenth century but the Depression during the 1930s influenced Western shoe fashion as heels became lower and wider.

With the creation of the miniskirt in the early 1960s, stilettos came into fashion and were attached to boots that enhanced the look of bare legs. A stiletto heel is a long, thin heel found on some boots and shoes, usually for women. It is named after the stiletto dagger, the phrase being first recorded in the early 1930s. Stiletto heels may vary in length from 2.5 centimetres (1 inch) to 5 cm (2 inches) or more if a platform sole is used.

Unlike the medieval period of Europe, when extravagance was more sought after that practicality, the fashion today trumps comfort. Women in the 21st century have more shoe choices than ever before. From athletic wear to the 2006 “heelless” high heel, women can choose to wear what they want, even hybrid shoes such as “heeled” tennis shoes and flip flops. While these may be oddities of fashion, they gesture toward an exciting array of fashion choices women have today.

Every woman deserves to wear shoes which match her outfit, look elegant and wrap her delicate feet. Whether they are lace up,
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platform or clear heel each of the shoes definitely compliments the outfit and makes the women love walking and feeling sexy.

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in the early 1800s.

People worldwide have chewed on natural materials for hundreds of years. Some of these materials include thickened resin and latex from certain types of trees, various sweet grasses, leaves, grains and waxes.

The ancient Greeks chewed mastic gum (or mastiche, pronounced “mas tee ka”) for centuries. This substance is formed from the resin contained in the bark of the mastic tree found mainly in Greece and Turkey. Grecian women favored chewing mastic gum to clean their teeth and sweeten their breath.

The Indians of New England taught American colonists to quench their thirsts by chewing the gum like resin that forms on spruce trees when its bark is cut. In the early 1800s, lumps of this spruce gum were sold in the eastern United States, making it America’s first commercial chewing gum. Sweetened paraffin wax became an acceptable alternative around 1850 and eventually surpassed spruce gum in popularity.

Modern gum products evolved from a chicle based gum brought to the United States in the early 1860s. Chicle is derived from the milky juice (latex) of the sapodilla tree that grows in tropical rain forests of Central America. This tree is found mainly in the areas of Mexico, Guatemala and Belize, which lie within the Yucatan Peninsula.

Due to the increased popularity of these products, the demand for chicle rose quickly. But, as chicle suppliers soon realized, their ability to supply chicle was limited by the trees from which it was derived. The trees needed an average of four to eight years of rest between tappings. When chicle bearing trees of Central America could not keep up with demand, manufacturers turned to synthetic gum bases to continue their business. Paraffin, originally discovered in 1830, was an option as it is colorless, odorless, tasteless and plentiful, but others kept searching for a better material. An Ohio dentist used rubber to create a gum product for jaw exercise and gum stimulation. William F. Semple was honored for this work with the first patent to manufacture chewing gum in December 1869.
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Please click on above underlined link and then scroll down page for articles

England is one of the oldest European countries ( over 1000 years old ) and London itself was founded by the Romans in 43 AD. As I have many generations going back to the 7th. century England I thought it would be of interest to write about England’s famous people and events.

As I am a direct descendent of Sir Christopher Wren and I have a keen interest in English and British history especially English hero’s like John Harrison I thought I would write this article.

John Harrison (24 March 1693 24 March 1776) was a self educated English Clockmaker and Yorkshire Carpenter who invented the marine chronometer, a long sought device in solving the problem of establishing the East West position or Longitude of a ship at sea, thus revolutionising and extending the possibility of safe long distance sea travel in the Age of Sail. The problem was considered so intractable that the British Parliament offered a prize of 20,000 (comparable to 2.87million / 3.65million / $4.72million in modern currency) for the solution.

John Harrison was born in Foulby near Wakefield in West Yorkshire the first of five children in his family. His father worked as a carpenter at the nearby Nostell Priory estate. The house where he was born bears a blue plaque.

Around 1700, the family moved to the North Lincolnshire village of Barrow upon humber. Following his father’s trade as a carpenter, Harrison built and repaired clocks in his spare time. Legend has it that at the age of six while in bed with smallpox he was given a watch to amuse himself, spending hours listening to it and studying its moving parts.

In 1730 Harrison created a description and drawings for a proposed marine clock to compete for the

Longitude Prize and went to London seeking financial assistance. He presented his ideas to Edmond Halley, the Astronomer Royal. Halley referred him to George Graham the country’s foremost clockmaker. He must have been impressed by Harrison, for Graham personally loaned Harrison money to build a model of his marine clock.

It took Harrison five years to build Harrison Number One or H1. He demonstrated it to members of the Royal Society who spoke on his behalf to the Board of Longitude. The clock was the first proposal that the Board considered to be worthy of a sea trial. In 1736, Harrison sailed to Lisbon on HMS Centurion and returned on HMS Oxford. On their return, both the captain and the sailing master of the Orford praised the design. The master noted that his own calculations had placed the ship sixty miles east of its true landfall which had been correctly predicted by Harrison using H1.

This was not the transatlantic voyage demanded by the Board of Longitude, but the Board was impressed enough to grant Harrison 500 for further development. Harrison moved on to develop H2, a more compact and rugged version. In 1741, after three years of building and two of on land testing, H2 was ready, but by then Britain was at war with Spain in the War of Austrian succession and the mechanism was deemed too important to risk falling into Spanish hands. In any event, Harrison suddenly abandoned all work on this second machine when he discovered a serious design flaw in the concept of the bar balances. He was granted another 500 by the Board while waiting for the war to end, which he used to work on H3. Harrison spent seventeen years working on this third ‘sea clock’ but despite every effort it seems not to have performed exactly as he would have wished. Despite this, it had proved a very valuable experiment. Certainly in this machine Harrison left the world two enduring legacies the bimetallic strip and the caged roller bearing.

After steadfastly pursuing various methods during thirty years of experimentation, Harrison moved to London in the late 1750’s where to his surprise he found that some of the watches made by Graham’s successor Thomas Mudge kept time just as accurately as his huge sea clocks. Harrison then realized that a mere watch after all could be made accurate enough for the task and was a far more practical proposition for use as a marine timekeeper. He proceeded to redesign the concept of the watch as a timekeeping device, basing his design on sound scientific principles.

He had already in the early 1750’s designed a precision watch for his own personal use, which was made for him by the watchmaker John Jefferys C. 1752 53. This watch incorporated a novel frictional rest escapement and was also probably the first to have both temperature compensation and a going fusee, enabling the watch to continue running whilst being wound. These features led to the very successful performance of this “Jefferys” watch and therefore Harrison incorporated them into the design of two new timekeepers which he proposed to build. These were in the form of a large watch and another of a smaller size but of similar pattern. However only the larger No. 1 (or “H4” as it sometimes called) watch appears ever to have been finished. (See the reference to “H6” below) Aided by some of London’s finest workmen, he proceeded to design and make the world’s first successful marine timekeeper that for the first time, allowed a navigator to accurately assess his ship’s position in Longitude. Importantly, Harrison showed everyone that it could be done. This was to be Harrison’s masterpiece an instrument of beauty, resembling an oversized pocket watch from the period. It is engraved with Harrison’s signature, marked Number 1 and dated 1759.

This first marine watch (or “Sea watch” as Harrison called it) is a 5.2″ diameter watch in silver pair cases. The movement has a novel type of escapement which can be classed as a frictional rest type, and superficially resembles the verge escapement with which it is often incorrectly associated. The pallets of this escapement are both made of diamond, a considerable feat of manufacture at the time. The balance spring is a flat spiral but for technical reasons the balance itself was made much larger than in a conventional watch of the period. The movement also has centre seconds motion with a sweep seconds hand. The Third Wheel is equipped with internal teeth and has an elaborate bridge similar to the balance cocks of the period. It runs at 5 beats (ticks) per second, and is equipped with a tiny remontoire. A balance brake stops the watch half an hour before it is completely run down, in order that the remontoire does not run down also. Temperature compensation is in the form of a ‘compensation curb’ (or ‘Thermometer Kirb’ as Harrison put it). This takes the form of a bimetallic strip mounted on the regulator sector rack, and carrying the curb pins at the free end. During development of No.1, Harrison abandoned the regulator, but left the regulator disc in place for sthetic reasons, and the compensation.

H4 took six years to construct and Harrison, by then 68 years old, sent it on its transatlantic trial in the care of his son, William, in 1761. When HMS Deptford reached Jamaica the watch was 5 seconds slow, corresponding to an error in longitude of 1.25 minutes, or approximately one nautical mile. When the ship returned, Harrison waited for the 20,000 prize but the Board believed the accuracy was just luck and demanded another trial. The Harrisons were outraged and demanded their prize, a matter that eventually worked its way to Parliament, which offered 5,000 for the design. The Harrisons refused but were eventually obliged to make another trip to the Caribbean city of Bridgetown on the island of Barbados to settle the matter.

At the time of the trial, another method for measuring longitude was ready for testing: the Method of Lunar Distances. The moon moves fast enough, some twelve degrees a day, to easily measure the movement from day to day. By comparing the angle between the moon and the sun for the day one left for Britain, the “proper position” (how it would appear in Greenwich, England at that specific time) of the moon could be calculated. By comparing this with the angle of the moon over the horizon, the longitude could be calculated.
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Cubberley, Ellwood Patterson. The History of Education: Educational Practice and Progress Considered as a Phase of the . 848 pages;Cubberly, Ellwood P., Public Education in the United States. (DATE??)Curti, M. E. The Social Ideas of American Educators, With New Chapter on the Last Twenty Five Years. (1959)Gatto, John Taylor, Underground History of American Education: An Intimate Investigation into the Prison of Modern Schooling. Oxford Village Press, 2001, 412 pp.Herbst, Juergen. School Choice and School Governance: A Historical Study of the United States and Germany 2006.Herbst, Juergen. The Once and Future School: Three Hundred and Fifty Years of American Secondary Education. (1996).Jeynes, William H. American Educational History: School, Society, and the Common Good (2007)Lucas, C. J. American : A History. (1994).reprinted essays from History of Education QuarterlyMcClellan, B. Edward and Reese, William J., ed. The Social History of American Education. U. of Illinois Pr., 1988.370 pp.; reprinted essays from History of Education QuarterlyNasaw, David; Schooled to Order: A Social History of Public Schooling in the United States (1981)Parkerson, Donald H. and Parkerson, Jo Ann. Countryside. Edwin Mellen, 1998. 192 pp.Parkerson, Donald H. and Parkerson, Jo Ann. Transitions in American Education: A Social History of Teaching. Routledge, 2001. 242 pp.Rury, John L. Education and Social Change: Themes in the History of American Schooling. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. 2002.Thelin, John R. A History of American . Johns Hopkins U. Press, 2004. 421 pp.Theobald, Paul. Call School: Rural Education in the Midwest to 1918. Southern Illinois U. Pr., 1995. 246 pp.Tyack, David B. The One Best System: A History of American Urban Education (1974),Tyack, David B., Hansot, E. Managers of virtue: Public school leadership in America, 1820 1980. (1982).Pre 1880Addis, Cameron. Jefferson’s Vision for Education: 1760 1845. Lang, 2003. 255 pp.Allmendinger, Jr., David F. Paupers and Scholars: The Transformation of Student Life in Nineteenth Century New England 1975
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“I am surprised to hear that this most recent incident there were that many calls and it just shows that there is a history of violence and how quickly it can escalate into something that is fatal,” said McGregor.

Mcquitty’s boyfriend was arrested in her death. It’s the 8th time in Wichita this year that domestic violence has claimed a woman’s life.

“Last year, I didn’t think it could get any higher and then this year it just continues to grow,” said McGregor.

So why do victims stay? McGregor says, in some cases, leaving can be even more dangerous.

“It’s not as easy as just leaving and so I think the stigmas that are attached to it make it harder for people to leave because they are afraid to come forward,” said McGregor.

Each month,
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Harbor House helps as many as they can, but they simply cannot help everyone.

“We typically turn away 75 to 90 people a month,” said McGregor.

McGregor says it’s important that the community helps each other.

“Clearly somebody nearby has heard something or seen something and just kind of opening up their arms in a safe way cause they don’t want to put themselves in danger to help give somebody the ability to know that there is help out there.”

McQuitty’s boyfriend Aaron Suiter was booked into the Sedgwick County Jail on Sunday for second degree murder. Kansas Department of Corrections records show Suiter served time on probation for drug convictions.

Vandals break into Wichita business for the third timeVandals break into Wichita business for the third timeUpdated: Thursday, March 8 2018 9:57 PM EST2018 03 09 02:57:24 GMT

Investigators said the latest break in occurred March 5th at the Central Steel company in the 200 block of West 10th Street.

Investigators said the latest break in occurred March 5th at the Central Steel company in the 200 block of West 10th Street.

Harvey County couple sentenced for abusing their childrenHarvey County couple sentenced for abusing their childrenAn emotional scene in a Harvey County courtroom, as a woman confronted her abusive adoptive parents.

An emotional scene in a Harvey County courtroom, as a woman confronted her abusive adoptive parents.

South Korea says Trump will meet North Korea’s Kim by MaySouth Korea says Trump will meet North Korea’s Kim by May. Chung says Trump said “he would meet Kim Jong Un by May to achieve permanent denuclearization” of the Korean peninsula.Chung says Trump said “he would meet Kim Jong Un by May to achieve permanent denuclearization” of the Korean peninsula.

Vandals break into Wichita business for the third timeVandals break into Wichita business for the third timeUpdated: Thursday, March 8 2018 9:57 PM EST2018 03 09 02:57:24 GMT
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This editable Main Article is under development and not meant to be cited; by editing it you can help to improve it towards a future approved, citable version. These unapproved articles are subject to a disclaimer. [edit intro]

The history of cricket in England to 1700 traces the sport’s development from its perceived origins to the stage where it had become a major sport in England and was beginning to be introduced to other countries.

The earliest definite reference to cricket occurs in 1598 and makes clear that the sport was being played c.1550, but its true origin is a mystery. All that can be said with a fair degree of certainty is that its beginning was earlier than 1550, somewhere in south east England within the counties of Kent, Sussex and Surrey, most probably in the region known as the Weald. Unlike other games with batsmen, bowlers and fielders, such as stoolball and rounders, cricket can only be played on relatively short grass, especially as the ball was delivered along the ground until the 1760s. Therefore, forest clearings and land where sheep had grazed would have been suitable places to play.

The sparse information available about cricket’s early years suggests that it was originally a children’s game. Then, at the beginning of the 17th century, it was taken up by working men. During the reign of Charles I, the gentry took an increased interest as patrons and occasionally as players. A big attraction for them was the opportunity that the game offered for gambling and this escalated in the years following the Restoration. By the end of the century, investment in cricket had created the professional player and the first major clubs, thus establishing the sport as a popular social activity in London and the south of England. Meanwhile, English colonists had introduced cricket to North America and the West Indies; and the sailors and traders of the East India Company had taken it to the Indian subcontinent.

Origins of cricket as a children’s game

Theories of origin

The most widely accepted theory about the origin of cricket is that it developed in early medieval times among the farming and metalworking communities of the Weald, which lies across part of Kent and Sussex.[1] These counties and neighbouring Surrey were the earliest centres of excellence and that it was from there that the game quickly reached London, where its lasting popularity was ensured, and other southern counties like Berkshire, Essex, Hampshire and Middlesex.[2]

A number of words in common use at the time are thought to be possible sources for the name “cricket”. In the earliest known reference to the sport in 1598, it is called creckett.

Cricket was probably devised by children and survived for many generations as essentially a children’s game.[7] Possibly it was derived from bowls, assuming bowls is the older sport, by the intervention of a batsman trying to stop the ball reaching its target by hitting it away. The invention of the game could have happened in Norman or Plantagenet times anytime before 1300; or even in Saxon times before 1066.[8]

Cricket essentially belongs to the same family of bat and ball games as stoolball, rounders and baseball but whether it evolved from any of these, or vice versa, cannot be determined.[2] There is a 1523 reference to stoolball at a designated field in Oxfordshire; this may be a generic term for any game in which a ball is somehow hit with a bat or stick.[9] 18th century references to stoolball in conjunction with cricket clearly indicate that it was a separate activity.[10]On Thursday, 10 March 1300 (Julian Calendar, the Gregorian year would be 1301), wardrobe accounts of King Edward I of England included refunds to one John de Leek of monies that he had paid out to enable Prince Edward to play “creag and other games” at both Westminster and Newenden.[2] Prince Edward, the future Prince of Wales, was then aged 15. It has been suggested that “creag” was an early form of cricket.[11] There is no evidence to support this view and creag could have been something quite different.[2] It has been suggested that creag is an early spelling of the word craic,[4] here taken as an Irish word meaning fun, entertainment, or enjoyable conversation. This sense of the word crack is found in Irish English, Scottish English, and Geordie in North East England. In Ireland the spelling craic is now more common than crack.[12]The earliest definite reference to cricket being played anywhere is in evidence given at a 1598 court case which confirms that it was played on a certain plot of land in Guildford,
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Surrey, around 1550.[2] The case concerned a dispute over a school’s ownership of the plot of land in question. The court in Guildford heard on Monday, 17 January 1597 (Julian date, equating to the year 1598 in the Gregorian calendar) from a 59 year old coroner, John Derrick, who testified that he and his school friends had played “creckett” on the site fifty years earlier. The school was the Royal Grammar School, Guildford.[2]

In 1598, there was a reference to cricket in an Italian English dictionary by Giovanni Florio. In a later edition of his dictionary in 1611, Florio infers that “to play cricket a wicket” has sexual associations with references to frittfritt, defined “as we say cricket a wicket, or gigaioggie”, and dibatticare, defined “to thrum a wench lustily till the bed cry giggaioggie”.[14]

The development of village cricket: 1611 1660

Beginning of adult participation

In 1611, a French English dictionary was published by Randle Cotgrave who defined the noun crosse as “the crooked staff wherewith boys play at cricket”.[4] The verb form of the word is crosser, defined as “to play at cricket”.[4] Although cricket was defined as a boys’ game in Cotgrave’s dictionary, as per the Guildford schoolboys above, it was at this time that adult participation began.[4]

The first definite mention of cricket in Sussex was also in 1611 and relates to ecclesiastical court records stating that two parishioners of Sidlesham in West Sussex had failed to attend church on Easter Sunday because they were playing cricket. They were fined 12 pence each and made to do penance. 1610). This is the earliest known village cricket match and these contests became popular in the first half of the 17th century. The case concerned the land on which the game was played.[16]

In 1617, the 18 year old Oliver Cromwell played cricket and football in London.[2] In 1622, several parishioners of Boxgrove, near Chichester in west Sussex, were prosecuted for playing cricket in a churchyard on Sunday, 5 May. There were three reasons for the prosecution: one was that it contravened a local bye law; another reflected concern about church windows which may or may not have been broken; the third was that a little childe had like to have her braines beaten out with a cricket batt![15] The latter reason was because the rules at the time allowed the batsman to hit the ball twice and so fielding near the batsman was very hazardous, as two later incidents drastically confirm.

In 1624, a fatality occurred at Horsted Keynes in East Sussex when a fielder called Jasper Vinall was struck on the head by the batsman, Edward Tye, who was trying to hit the ball a second time to avoid being caught. Mr Vinall is thus the earliest recorded cricketing fatality. The matter was recorded in a coroner’s court, which returned a verdict of misadventure.[17] The tragedy was repeated in 1647 when another fatality was recorded at Selsey in West Sussex, a player called Henry Brand being hit on the head by a batsman trying to hit the ball a second time.[18] When the first Laws of Cricket were encoded in 1744, it was illegal to hit the ball twice and a batsman breaking the rule was to be given out.[19] The record of the 1624 case confirms that two villages, Horsted Keynes and West Hoathly, were involved in the match and provides further evidence of the growth of village cricket.[17]

The issue of Sunday play during the years of Puritan influence, from about 1630 to the Restoration, has left several references in ecclesiastical court records. These indicate that inter parish matches were being played but there is nothing to suggest that any teams representative of counties were formed before the Restoration in 1660.[2] There is no evidence of large scale gambling or patronage prior to the English Civil War and it was those factors which drove the formation of “representative” teams in the 18th century. In 1717, Thomas Marchant, a farmer from Hurstpierpoint in Sussex, first mentioned cricket in his diary. He made numerous references to the game, particularly concerning his local club, until 1727. His son Will played for “our parish”, as he often called the Hurstpierpoint team.[20]
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